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MARS. Monuments, cities, pyramids, roads and canals!

Mars has featured in mankind's fantasies and mythology for
thousands of years. The planet itself is named after the
Roman god of war. Jonathan Swift wrote in "Gulliver's
Travels" in 1726 that astronomers on the mythical floating
land of Laputa had discovered two swiftly moving moons on
Mars, and provided information on their distances from Mars
and their periods of revolution about Mars.

Astonishingly, the moons of Mars had not been discovered yet,
and would not be for another hundred and fifty years or so,
though Kepler had surmised before Swift's time that Mars had
two moons. Swift's information on the distances from the
planet and the revolution periods of Mars two moons was
extremely accurate, however, many scientists pass it off as a
good guess.

This was only the beginning of the mystery of the moons of
Mars, and of Mars itself. Prior to 1877, when the moons were
seen for the first time, no one had seen any moons near the
planet even though excellent telescopes at the disposal of
astronomers were easily capable of discerning them.

Mars was a popular planet to view and literally hundreds of
astronomers observed it for some time. These same astronomers
even discovered moons on Uranus. Then one day Asaph Hall found
that Mars had two satellites where none had been observed

The two Martian satellites moved at very high speeds and
appeared to travel in different directions! These and other
factors prompted prominent astronomers to actually suppose
that the moons might be artificial!

Phobos (Fear), about 13 by 16 miles, orbits some 5,800 miles
from the center of Mars every 7 hours, 39 minutes.

Diemos (Terror), 7 by 9 miles, orbits some 14,600 miles from
the center of Mars every 30 hours, 17 minutes.

Soviet astronomer I.S. Schklovsky pointed out that the Martian
satellite Phobos exhibits a strange acceleration irregularity
which would be expected only if the satellite were a huge
hollow metallic sphere. The same irregularity, however, would
be impossible for a natural astronomical body.

Therefore, says Dr. Schklovsky, at least one of the moons of
Mars is not a natural object, but an artificial satellite
placed in orbit around the planet, possibly in 1877, or
shortly before that time.

A few years later, astronomers noticed markings that seemed to
be connected in a system that covered the whole planet. These
markings were dubbed "canals" and were believed to be just
that by many of the foremost astronomers of the time. Italian
astronomer Schiaparelli was first to note the canals in the
early 1890s and other astronomers began to notice them as

American astronomer Percival Lowell, who built one of the best
observatories in the world in Flagstaff, Arizona, became
obsessed with the canals, drew detailed maps of them and
worried that the Martians were fighting a losing battle on a
dying planet.

Something like canals exist, there can be no doubt. What they
are is anybody's guess. Considering the great variety of
canals on the Martian surface, it was believed by some that
the Martians were trying to signal us and plans were suggested
for planting mid-western crops in patterns by way of
acknowledging the communication. (The first crop circles?)

In the 1910 issue of "Nature," astronomer James Worthington,
after visiting Lowell at his observatory in Flagstaff,
commented, "As to the deductions which Dr. Lowell had drawn
from his observations I have nothing to say except that the
startlingly artificial and geometrical appearance of the
markings did force itself upon me."

Flashes of light were frequently seen on Mars and have been
called Transient Martian Phenomena, similar to Transient Lunar
Phenomena. Some astronomers interpreted it as signals; others
thought them to be clouds drifting across the surface.

One particular place where the flashes of light occurred is
the lcarium Mare. Percival Lowell speaking at the American
Philosophical Society meeting in December 1901, declared that
the more than 400 light flashes seen in the Mare were clouds
reflecting light. He believed lcarium Mare was a great tract
of vegetation forming layers of clouds.

After Percival Lowell died other scientists declared that
there was no life on Mars, nor on any of the other planets in
our solar system. This did nothing, however, to quell the
hysteria when Orson Wells broadcast his Halloween hoax of H.G.
Wells' "War Of The Worlds," simulating an invasion by

After Viking 1 Orbiter flew past Mars on July 31, 1976 at an
altitude of 1,278 miles, taking pictures of the surface, some
new and interesting information suddenly appeared in a
photograph released and described by NASA only as "the
northern latitudes of Mars."

In the photograph since published several times, a huge rock
formation that looks like a face can be seen. This formation
has been measured as one mile across. NASA claims that it is
an illusion caused by the angle of the sun.

To the left of the photo are two rock formations which appear
to be pyramidical in shape. They are clearly throwing out
triangular shadows. Parallel lines, looking like perfectly
straight runways or roads appear in the upper let hand portion
on the photo.

According to Jim Safran of Lunar Photos in Van Nuys,
California, these markings appear in quite a few of the Viking
Mars photos. Oddly, these artificial-looking markings have
been cropped out of photos appearing in Omni magazine and are
not mentioned.

But two computer scientists who work for Computer Science
echnicolor Associates, of Seabrook, Maryland, contract workers
for NASA, noticed the photos, and decided to analyze them.
The scientists, Vincent DiPietro and Greg Molenaar concluded
that the face in the photos, taken of the Elysian Plains,
would "appear to have been carved rather than formed by
nature," as there is no surrounding sediment that could have
resulted from natural erosion.

Additionally, they concluded that the face was truly
symmetrical, having two halves, each containing an "eye," a
"cheek" and continuation of the "mouth." They even discovered
what resembles an eyewall with a visible pupil in the eye

Then science writer Richard Hoagland got original copies of
the photos and claimed to have found, in the same photo, a
"lost civilization on Mars," as reported in Omni, Vol. 7 No.
6, March, 1985!

They turned their attentions to the pyramid features to the
left of the face, and to the grid-like markings like the plan
of a city in the shadows of the upper pyramid. Hoagland also
spotted a series of right angles contributing to an overall
impression of a main avenue leading toward the face.

Hoagland discovered that this "avenue" seems to be aligned
with the face, which runs along a northeast-southwest axis
with the Martian poles.

A Martian standing in the center of the "city," gazing east
over the face, would be sighting along a solstice alignment;
that is, seeing the sun rise directly over the face on the
longest day of the Martian year. Hoagland surmised that for
50,000 years, the first summer sun of the year would have
risen above the face.

As the planet tilted with time, the alignment of the solstice
viewing would have passed right through the top of the

The honeycomb-like walls in the shadow of the pyramid cast
shadows. The grid spacing suspiciously resembles that of real
city streets, and the layout is aligned toward the winter
solstice sunrise.

An architect friend of Hoagland's calculated the buildings
were originally oriented in a manner to best use the scant
winter warmth of the shortest day of the Martian year.

Harold Masursky, senior scientist with the U.S. Geological
Survey and one of the world's leading experts on Martian
geology, in charge of selecting the sites where the Viking
landers set down, told Omni magazine, "If you're going to say
features like that are evidence for a past civilization,
that's total nonsense. I'm working on finding landing sites
for a possible Mars Rover. And this is not one of the areas
where I would send what is probably a thirty-billion dollar
mission. In fact, if somebody bought us a free one, I'm not
sure I'd send it there because there are too many other places
that are more interesting."

Is Masursky toeing the party line by refusing to acknowledge
the possibility of life on Mars at some time in the distant
past? He is not an idiot, and considering NASA's startling
finds on the Moon, their many secret projects and cover ups,
it is not surprising that he would make those declarations.

He is either on the periphery of NASA knowledge, and actually
believes that there is nothing worth viewing, or he is trying
to divert attention from this startling find and cover up what
may even be a "live city."

An Avon book published in the United States in 1978, and which
originally appeared as a BBC special in Britain, called
"Alternative 3" was reportedly an investigation into the
disappearance of scientists in Britain and the United States.
According to the book, these scientists were being sent to
Mars by NASA to work in secret cities there, in an effort to
create a habitual climate on Mars, which work included melting
the polar ice caps and building dome-cities.

The reason stated in the book was that NASA was doing this
because the Earth's atmosphere is becoming super-heated and

A secret conspiracy, involving most of the world's
governments, including Russia, were working to move a certain
portion of mankind to Mars, the first manned landing on Mars
having taken place in the early 1960s.

Mars bases were begun shortly afterwards. Antigravity ships
were used to shuttle scientists and "brain washed," kidnapped,
slave-workers to the bases to work. There was a lunar staging
base in a crater on the moon. These scientists were listed as
missing or killed by foreign agents so people would not be
looking for them.

It was in fact an April Fool's Day television special done for
the BBC that was never aired because of a television strike in
Britain. When it was finally aired, most people did not
realize that it was an April Fool's joke. It was later
published in Britain and the United States in book form as
"science fact," also on April Fool's Day.

An interesting story, it is unlikely considering the
difficulty both the Soviets and the Americans had in just
landing space probes on the moon in the early sixties. Even if
NASA possessed anti-gravity vehicles in 1965, it seems
unlikely that they would have been flying them to Mars when
they could not even hit the moon with a Ranger.

Furthermore, the author, Leslie Watkins, admitted that the
book was a hoax; still, many UFO enthusiasts believe it.

One does wonder, however, if NASA is visiting Mars in
"Anti-Gravity" ships. It seems unlikely. They are far too
busy setting up bases on the Moon. With all the UFOs out
there and their occasional interference, NASA may consider it
too dangerous to send their people on a flight to Mars,
particularly if the reports of a huge space station orbiting
the planet are valid.

One cannot help but think that there may have been intelligent
life on Mars in the past, if not now. Some UFOs may have come
from Mars to Earth at some time in the past, perhaps to escape
an environmental calamity such as might befall the Earth not
too many years hence.

But if we are to accept that idea, we must be able to produce
some kind of evidence to back up the claim, otherwise it is
nothing but idle speculation.

The requirements for living organisms to evolve from
non-living chemicals (hydrogen, methane, ammonia, and water)
almost certainly existed on Mars about 4 billion years ago.
Life could have formed and adapted, evolving right up to the
time of the Exodus.

Of four experiments conducted aboard Viking landers, three
gave evidence of life forms still on Mars in 1976. The fourth
experiment detected none.

Living Martians, in whatever form, would have to exist without
oxygen and large amounts of water for long periods of time,
would have to live underground or possess natural shielding
from solar ultraviolet and cosmic radiation, and would be
required to withstand great temperature changes over short
periods of time.

While each of these requirements is met by earth organisms of
some sort, no earth organism meets them all, but only because
no living earth organism has been forced to do so.

Those coming closest to meeting all the requirements are
reptiles and it is interesting to note that a number of people
have reported lizard-like aliens scrubbing about in the bushes
outside landed UFOs.

In 1982 Dale Russell and R. S_guin of Ottawa published an
article on an intelligence dinosaur, Stenonychosaurus, a
small, fast creature with a large brain and cunning hunting
skills. In their paper, they showed a detailed model of the
upright bipedal creature this dinosaur might have become had
it continued to evolve from the Cretaceous period about 64
million years ago to the present day.

Russell and S_guin assumed for it a large brain, and the short
neck and upright posture was arrived at as a way of balancing
the head more efficiently. The vertical posture removed the
need for a tail. The legs were modified by lowering the ankle
to the ground and the forefoot was lengthened. This creature
would have stood upright at about five feet. Given the proper
conditions and time, this evolution would have been possible.

This information is provided as a public service, but we cannot guarantee that the information is current or accurate. Readers should verify the information before acting on it.